21st March 2019 | By contenteditor Email Address Customer acquisition drives growth for Zeal in 2018 Tags: Online Gambling Subscribe to the iGaming newsletter Finance Zeal Network has cited the acquisition of a record number of new customers as the main reason behind year-on-year financial growth in 2018, describing the year as a “milestone” 12 months for the lottery brokerage. Revenue in the 12 months through to December 31, 2018, amounted to €154.8m (£134.0m/$176.4m), up 15% on the €134.4m reported in 2017. Zeal has put this down to a wider customer base spending more on its services, with total stakes up from €241.3m in 2017 to €254.5m in the past year. Zeal has said this was booted by improvements in the average jackpot for Deutsche LottoundTotoblock, as well as the release of new instant win games and the introduction of secondary lotteries on Powerball and Mega Millions in the US. The digital lottery business said this also drove new customer acquisition to a record high, with the 614,000 new players that signed up in 2018 representing a jump of 49% on 411,00 in the previous year.Personnel spending hit €28.8m, up from €28.6m in 2017, despite Zeal lowering the average number of full-time equivalent staff from 274 to 262. However, the lottery brokerage said this was offset by pay increases, one off payments to staff on termination of their contracts, and an increase in the annual bonus accrued in 2018, due to the improved performance of the group.Looking at costs, Zeal reported a marginal decline in its operating expenses, while the business saw personnel expenses rise during the year.In terms of operational expenses, marketing spend was up from €19.1m to €19.6m, which Zeal said is consistent with a strategy to grow its international via customer acquisition, with a specific focus on the UK.Direct costs of operations increased from €43.4m to €44.3m due to €1.91m in Austrian gaming duty, offset by a reduction in non-deductible VAT of €1.46m. However, Zeal was able to make significant savings in terms of other costs of operation, which fell from €23.3m to €19.7m, primarily due to a €1.16m drop in legal costs. Although operating income slipped from €7.0m to €4.9m, due to a decrease in income registered from hedged tickets over the past year, Zeal was able to post an improved profit of €26.7m for 2018, up from €17.2m in 2017. However, this is lower than Zeal anticipated in a profit guidance report published in January. Earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortisation hiked from €26.4m to €47.4m, while adjusted earnings before tax climbed from €25.2m to €46.6m. Zeal also reported a year-on-year rise in statutory earnings before tax, up from €25.2m to €38.3m. Profit before taxes for the full year amounted to €38.0m, compared to €25.2m in 2017. Reflecting on the results, CEO Helmut Becker and chief financial officer Jonas Mattsson said in a joint statement that 2018 was a milestone year for Zeal, adding that its activities over the past 12 months have set the lottery brokerage up for further growth in 2019 and beyond. “2018 was a milestone year for the Zeal Group; we delivered strong financial results, acquired a record number of new customers, laid the groundwork for continued international diversification and made ourselves more efficient,” Becker and Mattsson said. “We acquired a record number of new registered customers for the group and our partners while significantly reducing our acquisition costs. “In line with our evolved investment approach, we continued to lay the groundwork for our international diversification by making early stage investments into new companies and developing new products in new countries, and focusing on acquiring additional licences.” Becker and Mattsson also noted Zeal’s pending acquisition of former subsidiary Lotto24. Zeal shareholders approved the deal on January 18 and Zeal published the all-share offer later in the month. Last month, Zeal took a step towards completing its acquisition of Lotto24 after the Lower Saxony Ministry of the Interior approved a request to launch lottery brokerage services via its Tipp24 domains. It remains unclear when the deal will go through, but Lotto24 shareholders have until April 10 to accept the offer by tendering their shares to Zeal at a rate of one new Zeal share in exchange for 1.604 shares of Lotto24. Zeal has already received tender commitments for major shareholders including Günther Group, Working Capital and Zeal co-founder Jens Schumann. These shareholders collectively hold 65% of shares and voting rights in Lotto24. The current tender rate for all shareholders is around 74%. “With the regulatory headwinds getting stronger the long term viability of secondary lottery betting is uncertain in Germany,” Becker and Mattsson said. “With this transaction, we will substantially derisk our business model by transforming our core German lottery betting business into a locally licensed online brokerage model, after acquiring from the Swiss Foundation the shares it holds in the myLotto24 and Tipp24 subsidiaries, aligning the companies’ legal ownership and control.” AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitter Zeal Network has cited the acquisition of a record number of new customers as the main reason behind year-on-year financial growth in 2018, describing the year as a “milestone” 12 months for the lottery brokerage. Topics: Finance Lottery
Regions: UK & Ireland US Malta Affiliates Tags: Gambling.com Group “I am excited to bring my experience to the team and help the company grow in new markets such as the United States.” Revenue for the three months to September 30 amounted to €6.3m, compared to €4.2m in Q3 2019. AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitter Email Address 27th January 2021 | By Conor Mulheir Subscribe to the iGaming newsletter Prior to his time at Catena, Bergh had served as chief executive of management consulting firm Rewir, and chief brand officer of infrared technology company FLIR Systems. Its US subsidiary, KAX Media America, also received approval to roll out its services in Illinois and Tennessee in November, allowing it to partner licensed sportsbook operators in Tennessee to drive traffic, and to launch its own Gambling.com and Bookies.com websites in Illinois. Topics: Marketing & affiliates People Affiliates People moves Affiliate business the Gambling.com Group has appointed former Catena Media executive Johannes Bergh as its new chief strategy officer. Gambling.com Group appoints former Catena COO Johannes Bergh as CSO Bergh previously served as chief operations officer and deputy chief executive officer at Catena, the gaming industry’s largest performance marketing company by revenue. In November, the group reported a €2.8m net profit for Q3 2020, after a strong performance from its organic traffic services helped to increase revenue by 52.2% year-on-year. In those roles, he was responsible for global strategy, operations, innovation and integration of acquired companies. The group has expanded its footprint in North America throughout 2020, having launched its new casino-based affiliate website aimed at the US, SlotSource.com, in July. “The appointment of Johannes Bergh marks only the second time in 14 years we have brought on a new C-level officer to the Group,” said Charles Gillespie, Gambling.com Group’s chief executive. The group is also approved to offer its services to betting operators in Colorado, Indiana, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and West Virginia. “I consider us incredibly fortunate to have connected with [Bergh] at the right time and look forward to working with him to deliver the next chapter of Gambling.com Group’s growth.” Bergh added: “Based on steady financial performance, best-in-class use of technology and a portfolio of fast-growing brands, the team at Gambling.com Group has created something exceptional.”
Sanlam Kenya Plc (SLAM.ke) listed on the Nairobi Securities Exchange under the Insurance sector has released it’s 2017 abridged results.For more information about Sanlam Kenya Plc (SLAM.ke) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Sanlam Kenya Plc (SLAM.ke) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Sanlam Kenya Plc (SLAM.ke) 2017 abridged results.Company ProfileSanlam Kenya Plc (formerly Pan Africa Insurance Holdings Co. Ltd) is an insurance company which underwrites classes of short- and long-term insurance businesses in Kenya. The company offers services for ordinary life insurance, superannuation, general insurance and investments; providing individual life, group and general insurance products as well as investment management services. Sanlam Kenya underwrites life and non-life insurance risks associated with death, disability, credit protection, education, retirement, mortgage protection and property protection. It also has expertise in financial planning and retirement fund management and offers solutions for investment and wealth management as well as diversified asset management solutions. Formerly known as Pan Africa Insurance Holdings Limited, the company changed its name to Sanlam Kenya Plc in 2016. The company is a subsidiary of Hubris Holdings Limited with its head office in Nairobi, Kenya. Sanlam Kenya Plc is listed on the Nairobi Securities Exchange
Cursed with poor ball on the turn, New Zealand full-back Ben Smith righted himself and took a half step back towards the opposition’s posts just as Lasha Malaguradze bore down on him. Before Smith could escape, the Georgian fly-half detonated on the All Black.Despite Smith being rocked in this tackle, the Kiwi went on to rack up 106m with ball in hand within a game that ended 43-10 in New Zealand’s favour. It was a hit that shook spectators closer to the edge of their seat but Smith recovered well. Yet, there was something about this incident of sublime Georgia brutality amidst unfamiliar All Black panic that felt so good to witness.Some will say after seeing New Zealand toil under the Cardiff lights that they will eventually wilt; that this match showed they are not the Rugby World Cup champions-to-be. Frankly, who cares? Nights like this are not about the recognised powers but the unfancied sides who can no longer be patronised, who can no longer expect to take drubbings and be happy with it.Thanking the fans: Georgia’s support has also been brilliantThis was the first time Georgia have faced the All Blacks – they’ve still never faced Australia and they’ve only met South Africa once. Yet in that one game, back in 2003 as the Boks clawed to a 46-19 win, the Georgians won over neutral fans as they scored their first ever World Cup try and sneered in the faces of those who expected a cricket score.Rugby, it is sometimes sad to say, is a sport powered by myths. More often than not that simply means stoking the ghosts of amateurism by proclaiming everything from back in the day – drinking, scrums, pockets on your shorts – was miles better than it is now. But when it comes to World Cups it also means myths about teams and their style. TAGS: Georgia A moment to savour: Beka Tsiklauri celebrates his try with Giorgi Aptsiauri Will the established powers give them more regular Tests? Just as the traditional southern powers must be prepared to work with the Pacific Island nations, so too the European big boys must consider helping out the continent’s burgeoning forces to the East.Perhaps the suits running the Six Nations are just too selfish to change. They have their cash cow. But that doesn’t mean any Tests held in Georgia should be off the cards. Teams like Georgia need regular, meaningful Tests on their own soil if they are to continue detonating myths. Before Tests in 2003 the level of detail pundits could give you about Georgia would have been reduced to how nasty a prospect it was tussling with their pack. Before the 2015 event there was not much more meat on those bones. After this game, though, a lot more can be said for the snap and hustle of their play, the way Georgia pressured the World Cup favourites into letting passes hit the deck or sleepwalking into big hits. Yes the Georgian scrum pinched and squeezed and often kneaded the Kiwis back, but we expected it to. What we learned was that away from the set-piece this Test still had two sides in it.Georgia actually rested a few players for this All Blacks match-up and now head towards a clash with Namibia that could well ensure their place at the 2019 World Cup in Japan, by dint of them finishing third in their pool should they win. They should almost certainly do it. What we cannot let happen, though, is that after all this effort, all the sublime defensive work and scrum graft and snapped passing, we forget about Georgia until 2019.Top coach: Kiwi coach Milton Haig has done a fine job with GeorgiaTheir team is too full of talent – there’s more to this side than just the thunderous Mamuka Gorgodze, as imposing and impressive as he is – and their coaching set-up is too strong to be counting years. Their regular Tbilisi Cup shows they are set up to host proper Tests. Their reputation has grown. LATEST RUGBY WORLD MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPTION DEALS
“COPY” ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/1182/seifert-house-bau-kultur Clipboard Austria Seifert House / Bau Kultur Save this picture!+ 22 Share ArchDaily Houses ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/1182/seifert-house-bau-kultur Clipboard “COPY” Projects Architects: Bau KulturText description provided by the architects. Mrs. Seifert, sixty-three years old and curator of an art gallery, commissioned this house after her previous home, an approximately 150 years old building, burned down. For her new home she demanded a particular requirement – namely, the new house (contrary to her previous one) should fuse with nature in order to give her an immanent feeling of the change of seasons. Save this picture!Recommended ProductsCeramicsGrespaniaWall Tiles – Wabi SabiMetallicsStudcoWall Stop Ends – EzyCapEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesIsland Exterior FabricatorsCurtain Wall Facade SystemsEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesRodecaRound Facade at Omnisport Arena ApeldoornSubsequently, the conception of the house became a deep engagement with Mies, in particular with the Farnsworth House, and the question of how a space should be constituted in order to open itself to the surrounding by simultaneously offering privacy. Furthermore, it became an investigation of how much freedom in space effectively determines the way of living in contrast to a few certain spatial determinations that liberate. Whereas the first model refers to Rietveld’s attempts to create freedom e.g. by means of sliding doors etc. the later model refers to Mies’ structured open plan. Save this picture!The house was built as a passive house (no cooling or heating required) with an incredible low budget (1.400 €/m2) within a construction period of less than seven months. Since the beginning of the year 2006 Mrs. Seifert lives in the house – with no regrets.Save this picture!Project gallerySee allShow lessHouse in Gerês / Correia/Ragazzi ArquitectosSelected ProjectsBerlin Philharmonic Hall on fireArticles Share CopyHouses•Enns, Austria Seifert House / Bau KulturSave this projectSaveSeifert House / Bau Kultur CopyAbout this officeBau KulturOfficeFollowProductConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesHousesEnnsAustriaPublished on May 21, 2008Cite: “Seifert House / Bau Kultur” 21 May 2008. ArchDaily. Accessed 12 Jun 2021.
Help by sharing this information News Iraq : Wave of arrests of journalists covering protests in Iraqi Kurdistan to go further RSF_en Dana Bakir, a cameraman working for Naliya Radio and Television (NRT), has been missing since 1 April, when security forces attacked journalists who were covering a demonstration in Freedom Square (Saray Azadi) in Sulaymaniyah. NRT director-general Twana Othman said he regarded his cameraman’s disappearance as a case of abduction.Othman told Reporters Without Borders that, according to the latest information, his cameraman appeared to have been arrested and was currently in prison. “I asked if I could visit him but my requests were refused. Other people have told me he is Sulaymaniyah’s Kani Goma prison.”The Sulaymaniyah police deny having arrested Bakir.Lvin Magazine journalist Jiyar Omer told Reporters Without Borders: “I was on the square taking photos of the security forces, police and Asayesh (intelligence services) attacking the demonstrators. Despite their warnings, I did not hide. At no point did I think they would target me until the moment when they tried to arrest me. Demonstrators came to my aid. Later, when I tried to take photos of the security forces firing on the crowd, they hit me in the stomach and back with the butts of their Kalashnikovs.”The demonstrations continued the next day in Sulaymaniyah, when journalists were again attacked by the security forces.Goran Othman, who works for Komal (a weekly published by the Islamic Group in Kurdistan), said he and fellow journalist Hakar Muhammad were hit. Mohamed Jamal, another journalist working for Komal, was also attacked and his camera was seized. Freelance photographer Zmnako Ismail was briefly detained. The home of Shirwan Muhammad Amin, the editor of Judinews was meanwhile burgled and his computer and camera were taken. The website was also attacked.Journalists who were covering a student demonstration outside the Department of Education in Erbil on 31 March were attacked by plainclothes members of the Asayesh while the police looked on without intervening. Kurdistan News Network TV reporter Mariwan Mala Hassan and cameraman Ahmed Younus were attacked and injured, and their equipment was damaged.Halgurd Ahmed, the editor of the cultural magazine Zinar, was seriously injured in a shooting attack at his home in Raniya (110 km southeast of Sulaymaniyah) on the evening of 28 March. “They prepared well,” he told Reporters Without Borders. “They night before the attack, they disconnected the lamp that lights the entrance to my house. The next night, they shut the door behind me and opened fire. I was hit by four shots.”Ahmed is a member of the Kurdistan Democratic Party (one of the two parties that rule the region), but he maintains good relations with all the other parties. “Representatives of all the political parties came to visit me,” he added. “They were all shocked. I don’t know who did it. I don’t want to accuse anyone.”He added that he reported the attack to the police. Both the police and the Asayesh are investigating. Organisation News February 15, 2021 Find out more Receive email alerts Follow the news on Iraq RSF’s 2020 Round-up: 50 journalists killed, two-thirds in countries “at peace” Three jailed reporters charged with “undermining national security” News April 4, 2011 – Updated on January 20, 2016 More attacks on journalists covering demonstrations, TV cameraman missing IraqMiddle East – North Africa IraqMiddle East – North Africa News December 28, 2020 Find out more December 16, 2020 Find out more
February 20, 2019 2,211 Views Print This Post Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago Natalie Burris is a Lead Attorney and member of the appellate practice group at Codilis & Associates, P.C. She received her Juris Doctor in 2012 from DePaul University College of Law, and her Bachelor of Arts in 2005 from Wheaton College, Illinois. Previous: How Millennials Are Moving the Housing Market Next: The State of Default Servicing in a Low-Volume Environment in Commentary, Daily Dose, Featured, Foreclosure, News, Servicing Tagged with: Foreclosure Illinois Supreme Court Rule mortgage Share Save The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago About Author: Natalie Burris Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago The Week Ahead: Nearing the Forbearance Exit 2 days ago Subscribe Related Articles Foreclosure Illinois Supreme Court Rule mortgage 2019-02-20 Donna Joseph The First Appellate District of Illinois recently held that Illinois Supreme Court Rule 305(k) applies to appeals involving residential mortgage foreclosures. See Deutsche Bank National Trust Co. v. Roman, 2019 IL App (1st) 171296. Rule 305(k) provides that if the appellant fails to perfect a stay of judgment within the time for filing the notice of appeal, “the reversal or modification of the judgment does not affect the right, title, or interest of any person who is not a party to the action in or to any real or personal property that is acquired after the judgment becomes final and before the judgment is stayed […].” Ill. S. Ct. R. 305(k). As such, absent a stay, the appeal is moot.An Illinois Supreme Court case, Steinbrecher v. Steinbrecher, 197 Ill. 2d 514, 523-24 (2001), established the elements for a court when considering whether a third party’s acquisition renders an appeal moot: (1) the property passed pursuant to a final judgment, (2) the right, title, and interest of the property passed to an individual or entity who is not a party to the action, and (3) the appellant failed to perfect a stay of judgment within the time allowed for filing a notice of appeal. In Roman, the Appellate Court found that all three elements were satisfied. At the judicial sale, a third party purchaser was the successful bidder. The mortgagors timely appealed after the circuit court confirmed the judicial sale. However, the mortgagors unsuccessfully sought a stay in the trial court and failed to request a stay from the Appellate Court. The Appellate Court found that the property passed pursuant to a final judgment when the circuit court confirmed the judicial sale. The main point of contention in Roman was whether the third party purchaser was considered a party to the foreclosure proceedings. The Appellate Court pointed out our Supreme Court clearly set forth in Steinbrecher that when a third party acquires title pursuant to the judgment and sale, that third party was not “one by or against whom a lawsuit is brought,” nor did it have a stake or standing in the lawsuit. The Appellate Court noted the public policy undergirding Rule 305(k): to safeguard the integrity and finality of judicial sales, and without a policy of finality and permanence, “no person would purchase real property involved in a judicial proceeding, if afterwards he incurred the hazard of losing the property due to facts unknown to him at the time of the sale.” Accordingly, the Appellate Court found in Roman that the third party purchaser was merely a purchaser who had no interest in the litigation other than to protect its future possessory interest in the subject property, and dismissed the appeal as moot pursuant to Rule 305(k). Sign up for DS News Daily Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago Examining Third-Party Purchasers’ Role in Foreclosure Proceedings Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago Home / Commentary / Examining Third-Party Purchasers’ Role in Foreclosure Proceedings
News Updates’Dr Kafeel Khan’s Speech Does Not Promote Hatred Or Violence, It Gives A Call For National Integrity And Unity Among Citizens’: Allahabad HC [Read Judgemnt] Akshita Saxena31 Aug 2020 10:54 PMShare This – x”A complete reading of the speech primafacie does not disclose any effort to promote hatred or violence. It also no where threatens peace and tranquility of the city of Aligarh. The address gives a call for national integrity and unity among the citizens. The speech also deprecates any kind of violence. It appears that the District Magistrate had selective reading and selective mention for few phrases from the speech ignoring its true intent,”The Allahabad High Court on Tuesday said that Dr. Kafeel Khan’s speech at the Aligarh Muslim University on December 13, 2019, amidst the anti-CAA protests, that led to his arrest and subsequent detention under the stringent provisions of the National Security Act, “does not disclose any effort to promote hatred or violence.” The Division Bench comprising Chief Justice Govind Mathur…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe Allahabad High Court on Tuesday said that Dr. Kafeel Khan’s speech at the Aligarh Muslim University on December 13, 2019, amidst the anti-CAA protests, that led to his arrest and subsequent detention under the stringent provisions of the National Security Act, “does not disclose any effort to promote hatred or violence.” The Division Bench comprising Chief Justice Govind Mathur and Justice Saumitra Dayal Singh held that prima facie, the speech is not such that a reasonable man could have arrive at a conclusion as the inference drawn by the District Magistrate, Aligarh, who passed the detention order against Dr. Khan in February this year. “The speaker was certainly opposing the policies of the government and while doing so certain illustration are given by him, but that no where reflects the eventualities demanding detention. A complete reading of the speech primafacie does not disclose any effort to promote hatred or violence. It also no where threatens peace and tranquility of the city of Aligarh. The address gives a call for national integrity and unity among the citizens. The speech also deprecates any kind of violence. It appears that the District Magistrate had selective reading and selective mention for few phrases from the speech ignoring its true intent,” the Bench observed after extracting the speech of Khan in its entirety. Accordingly, it has revoked the NSA charges against Dr. Khan; the order of detention dated 13th February, 2020 passed by District Magistrate, Aligarh under the NSA Act and confirmed by the State of Uttar Pradesh has been set aside. The extension of the period of detention of detenue Dr. Kafeel Khan is also declared illegal.The HC observed that State failed to discharge its burden to establish that KafeelKhan’s December speech had “such a deleterious effect on the public order in district-Aligarh as had continued to exist up to 13.02.2020 necessitating preventive detention of the detenue”.”By very nature, the order of preventive detention could have been issued to prevent an occurrence but not punitively or merely by way of a consequence of the occurrences that were two months old”- HC observed on NSA invoked against KafeelKhan in February over a 2-month old speech.”In absence of any other material existing on record, it cannot be said, at this stage, that there was any link between the stage when the lecture was delivered by the detenue on 12.12.2019 and the occurrences dated 13.10.2019 and 15.10.2019. That apart, again there is a complete lack of material on record to link those occurrences i.e. the lecture delivered by the detenue on 12.12.2019, and the violent occurrences of 13.12.2019 and 15.12.2019 referred to in the ground of detention and the formation of the satisfaction to preventively detain the detenue on 13.02.2020″, the HC added. A complete reading of the speech of Dr #kafeelkhan prima facie does not disclose any effort to promote hatred or violence. It also no where threatens peace and tranquility of the city of Aligarh. The address gives a call for national integrity and unity among the citizens: HC pic.twitter.com/EzAvvV371N— Live Law (@LiveLawIndia) September 1, 2020Dr. Khan was arrested from Mumbai in January this year, for allegedly giving a provocative speech at the Aligarh Muslim University on December 13, 2019, amidst the anti-CAA protests. Notably, Khan had been granted bail by the court of CJM, Aligarh on February 10. However, he has been languishing in jail under the NSA Act, which was slapped on him by the Aligarh District Magistrate on February 15. In this backdrop, the Court observed that when the alleged provocative speech was delivered in December 2019, the District Administration, Aligarh did not find the speech of Dr. Kafeel Khan sufficient for preventive detention. However, only when the CJM allowed his bail application on February 10, the District Magistrate, Aligarh initiated the process for detaining Dr. Kafeel Khan under the National Security Act, 1980. The Bench clarified that the delay in passing of detention orders or in recording subjective satisfaction to preventively detain a person may not be a subject matter of a hard and fast rule. Nevertheless, it observed, the record must itself indicate that there existed a “continuing casual link” between the satisfaction claimed to have been recorded and the offending act. In the present case, the Court noted, “Nothing has been said in the order of detention or the grounds for detention that district administration had any information within the period from 12th December, 2019 to 13th February, 2020 about any effort made by the detenue to cause even a simple scar to the peace or tranquility or the public order of the city of Aligarh. It is only after passing of the bail order by the Chief Judicial Magistrate, Aligarh, the police officials and the District Magistrate, Aligarh initiated the process for detaining Dr. Kafeel Khan under the National Security Act, 1980. At the cost of repetition, it would be appropriate to state that from 12th December, 2019 to 29th January, 2020 the detenue was roaming free and he had ample time to make all the efforts to damage public order in the city of Aligarh, if he was intending to do so.” It added that no recommendation, even at the time of Dr. Khan’s bail hearing was made for invoking powers under sub-Section (2) of Section 3 of the National Security Act, 1980. Hence, the Court held that the “causal link” between the Act and the detention order is missing/ completely broken. Another reason given by the Court while dropping the NSA charges against Dr. Khan was that the State authorities have failed to discharge their “bounden burden” to establish that the lecture delivered by Dr. Khan in December 2019 had such a deleterious effect on the public order in district-Aligarh as had continued to exist up to 13.02.2020, necessitating preventive detention of the detenue, on that later date. The Court observed, “Preventive detention is an exceptional mode to curtail liberty and freedom of a person in exceptionally rare circumstances. Under Article 21 of the Constitution of India along with the right to life, the right to personal liberty is a precious fundamental right. This precious fundamental right must always be protected.” Lastly the Court observed that Dr. Khan was not supplied the grounds for his detention and thus he was deprived of the material necessary to submit a representation in accordance with clause (5) of Article 22 of the Constitution of India. Considerably, the grounds for detention along with material were supplied to Dr. Khan in the form of a compact disk. However, neither a transcript nor any device to play the compact device were made available to him. In such circumstances the Court held, “The non-supply of transcript would have been of no consequence, if a device would have been supplied to the detenue to play the compact disk. It is the position admitted that no such device was made available to the detenue. In absence of such device the supply of compact disk is absolutely non consequential. It virtually amounts non-supply of the material necessary to submit a representation in accordance with clause (5) of Article 22 of the Constitution of India. Such non-supply of material violates a precious fundamental right of a detenue enshrined under Article 22 of the Constitution. On this count also the detention of Dr. Kafeel Khan deserves to be set aside.” It added, “The detention of Dr. Kafeel Khan has also been extended twice. It is stated by learned Additional Advocate General that the detenue even while in prison is in contact with the students of Aligarh Muslim University and is instigating to disturb public order of the city. The facts stated is not acceptable being not supported by any material. At the threshold, it would be appropriate to state that the detenue is in State custody where he can’t have any electronic device or other mechanical device to have contact anyone. The other eventuality is sending messages through the visitors, but no record of that too is available.” Click Here To Download Judgment Next Story
Early life-history stages of cephalopods are known to play an important role as prey in food webs of the Southern Ocean, but little information is available about their biology and availability to predators. Top predators, such as penguins, are known to feed regularly on coastal juvenile/sub-adult cephalopods. Using eastern rockhopper penguins Eudyptes filholi as coastal biological samplers, we examined in detail the cephalopod component of their diet in Campbell Island (New Zealand) during two consecutive breeding seasons in order to evaluate (1) the relative importance of cephalopods (by frequency of occurrence, by number and by mass) to the diet of both adult and chick penguins, (2) the habitat and trophic levels of the cephalopods in the region and (3) the status of the juvenile/sub-adult cephalopod community in the waters around Campbell Island. Our results show that eastern rockhopper penguins feed on eight species of juvenile and sub-adult cephalopods, with Onykia ingens, Martialia hyadesi and Octopus campbelli being the most important species by frequency of occurrence, number and mass. Differences between the diets of adult and chick penguins and between breeding seasons were found. Habitat (δ13C) and trophic level (δ15N) information also showed that all cephalopod species (and all studied stages) occupy similar habitat on the Campbell shelf, with M. hyadesi showing lower δ15N values than O. ingens and O. campbelli. This study indicates that eastern rockhopper penguins can be valuable biological samplers of local juvenile/sub-adult cephalopods (including poorly known cephalopod species) around Campbell Island when breeding, that these cephalopods were likely to be caught naturally (not from fisheries), providing relevant information for the conservation of these penguins.
Death List 10-15-18 TO 1-19-18FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmail