Tweet 81 Views no discussions HealthLifestyle Preventing Leptospirosis by: – November 22, 2017 Share Share Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease that affects humans and animals. It is caused by bacteria of the genus Leptospira. In humans, it can cause a wide range of symptoms, some of which may be mistaken for other diseases. Some infected persons, however, may have no symptoms at all.Without treatment, Leptospirosis can lead to kidney damage, meningitis (inflammation of the membrane around the brain and spinal cord), liver failure, respiratory distress, and even death.InfectionThe bacteria that cause leptospirosis are spread through the urine of infected animals, which can get into water or soil and can survive there for weeks to months. Many different kinds of wild and domestic animals carry the bacterium.These can include, but are not limited to:CattlePigsHorsesDogsRodentsWild animalsWhen these animals are infected, they may have no symptoms of the disease.Infected animals may continue to excrete the bacteria into the environment continuously or every once in a while, for a few months up to several years.Humans can become infected through:Contact with urine (or other body fluids, except saliva) from infected animals.Contact with water, soil, or food contaminated with the urine of infected animals.The bacteria can enter the body through skin or mucous membranes (eyes, nose, or mouth), especially if the skin is broken from a cut or scratch. Drinking contaminated water can also cause infection. Outbreaks of leptospirosis are usually caused by exposure to contaminated water, such as floodwaters. Person to person transmission is rare.Signs and SymptomsIn humans, Leptospirosis can cause a wide range of symptoms, including:High feverHeadacheChillsMuscle achesVomitingJaundice (yellow skin and eyes)Red eyesAbdominal painDiarrheaRashMany of these symptoms can be mistaken for other diseases. In addition, some infected persons may have no symptoms at all.The time between a person’s exposure to a contaminated source and becoming sick is 2 days to 4 weeks. Illness usually begins abruptly with fever and other symptoms.Leptospirosis may occur in two phases:After the first phase (with fever, chills, headache, muscle aches, vomiting, or diarrhea) the patient may recover for a time but become ill again.If a second phase occurs, it is more severe; the person may have kidney or liver failure or meningitis.The illness lasts from a few days to 3 weeks or longer. Without treatment, recovery may take several months.TreatmentLeptospirosis is treated with antibiotics, such as doxycycline or penicillin, which should be given early in the course of the disease.Intravenous antibiotics may be required for persons with more severe symptoms. Persons with symptoms suggestive of leptospirosis should contact a health care provider.Risk of ExposureLeptospirosis occurs worldwide, but is most common in temperate or tropical climates. It is an occupational hazard for many people who work outdoors or with animals, such as:FarmersMine workersSewer workersSlaughterhouse workersVeterinarians and animal caretakersFish workersDairy farmersMilitary personnelThe disease has also been associated with swimming, wading, kayaking, and rafting in contaminated lakes and rivers. As such, it is a recreational hazard for campers or those who participate in outdoor sports. The risk is likely greater for those who participate in these activities in tropical or temperate climates.In addition, incidence of Leptospirosis infection among urban children appears to be increasing. Share Sharing is caring!
A veteran Palm Beach County Sheriff’s road patrol captain was justified in shooting at an intruder near his home last year, an internal affairs investigation has concluded.Capt. Simon Barnes, IV joined PBSO in 1988.According to the police report, around 1:15 a.m. on June 22, 2019, Barnes was watching a movie on his phone while sitting on his porch.At some point, he saw two people near his unmarked PBSO Chevrolet Tahoe.Barnes called dispatchers and several deputies arrived.About 30 minutes later, he saw the same two men cross near his driveway and shouted at them, “Sheriff’s office. Stop!”He says one of the men turned toward him and pointed what appeared to be a handgun. Barnes says he pulled his personal handgun from his waistband and fired once at the suspect, who continued running. Capt. Barnes chased the man briefly but stopped, as he was not in uniform.Barnes’ security video system captured the two males and showed Barnes firing.The investigation stated that Barnes, “was justified in defending himself,” and though off duty, was “acting in an official law enforcement capacity and identified himself as such.”Neither of the two intruders was found, and no one turned up at area hospitals at the time. Therefore, it is unknown if anyone was hit.The report redacted his home address. Such information is exempt from public record to protect the privacy of law enforcement officers.
Minister of Health, Dr. the Hon. Christopher Tufton, is hailing the success of the Public-Private Sector Pharmacy Partner Programme, under which nearly 100,000 prescriptions have already been processed.The Minister said the Government is satisfied that the programme is working and that the public is being served in an efficient manner where “the benefits are tremendous.”“Gone are the days when people would have to wait for a long time and the National Health Fund (NHF) must be commended. The real benefits for us are the benefits to the people,” he added.Dr. Tufton was delivering the main address at the launch of the programme at the Camdex Pharmacy in Green Island, Hanover, recently.Under the programme, piloted by the NHF in 2016, private sector pharmacies fill prescriptions for public sector patients, in an attempt to reduce waiting time at facilities at public hospitals and clinics.“The purpose of this programme when it was conceptualised and developed, was very simple. We needed to find a quicker and easier way for patients to get their medication. Patients were waiting too long…we used to hear about two and three-hour waits,” Dr. Tufton noted.He said that the decision was taken to select pharmacies for the programme based on where the needs existed and also in terms of proximity to a hospital.“We felt that it was an obligation we had in public health…to demonstrate our commitment to providing a service with compassion and empathy in recognition that people, who go to the doctor, are sick, and need to be provided with service as quickly as possible,” he added.The Minister noted that while patients are asked to pay a small fee to offset processing costs, the feedback from patients is that they do not mind paying for the convenience of faster access to their medication.Pharmacies in Kingston, Clarendon, St. James, and Hanover have so far partnered with the Ministry, through the NHF, on the initiative.
zoom Athens-based shipping company Tsakos Energy Navigation (TEN) has taken delivery of the aframax tanker Oslo TS, the seventh in a series of nine tankers built for long-term employment to a European company. Featuring a 1B ice-class notation, the new ship commenced its long-term employment with possible gross revenues in excess of USD 110 million.The two remaining aframaxes under the company’s fifteen-vessel growth program, the Bergen TS and the Stavanger TS are scheduled to be delivered and commence their long term employment in the third and fourth quarter of 2017.With the deliveries of these two vessels, TEN’s current expansion program will reach its conclusion and result in 77% of the fleet in secured contracts with gross revenues of over USD 1.5 billion and average charter duration of 2.5 years.