FERNANDO PEREZ, LOST BUS, WINNER: “She ran well last time but even I didn’t know she was going to run this well in here. I got a clean break, I took her to the lead and she was comfortable the whole time and at the end, she was still trying.“Corey (Nakatani, on Finest City) was pushing me. We were bumping a little bit down the stretch, but not much to be honest. He just had to take the shot to see if he could get the disqualification.“I didn’t even see Mike (Smith, on favored Tara’s Tango) at the wire. I was too busy fighting with Corey and trying to beat him. I needed to get that done first.” NOTES: Winning owner Terry Lovingier resides in Long Beach. JOCKEY QUOTES TERRY LOVINGIER, OWNER, LOST BUS, WINNER: “I’m kinda lost for words. I didn’t expect this and not too many others did either; she was 60-1. We claimed her (for $32,000 three starts back on Nov. 19) because she battled quite a few times with My Fiona (stakes-winning filly owned by Lovingier) when they were both 2-year-olds. I don’t claim that often anymore, but I did claim quite a few horses before I started breeding them.” GARY SHERLOCK, LOST BUS, WINNER: “This race was a Grade I when I won it last time (with Intangaroo in 2008). Lost Bus was pretty much going to run before I learned Sunday Rules wouldn’t be entered, but I was running for third, and it turned out better than that.“There wasn’t a lot of speed in the race, and I told Fernando to go to the front.”Asked about her next race: “She’s a Cal-bred, so there are plenty of options.” MIKE SMITH, TARA’S TANGO, THIRD: “I tried to get her out of there quickly today and we did much better (than usual) but we couldn’t quite keep up with that forty-four pace. I was having to really, really pedal to stay head and head with them and that’s a long way to be on her, that hard, the whole time. I couldn’t keep her in a hard drive.“I thought I could let them go, give her a bit of a breather and then go at them again on the outside and it worked, but, I just didn’t get there in time.“You just try and do the right thing and sometimes when it works, you’re the hero. Sometimes though, if you don’t win, you don’t look so good.” TRAINER QUOTES
Science News: The January 31 cover of Science News shouts “Happy Birthday Darwin” against a backdrop of his famous “tree of life” sketch from the Origin. The website contains a 36-page tribute to Darwin. Editor-in-Chief Tom Siegfried led off with an opening editorial entitled, “Modern biology owes unpayable debt to Darwin.” Who is the “greatest practitioner of all time” in sports or the physical sciences? Siegfried says the question is likely to end in a divided vote. That was his lead-in to this announcement:But then there’s biology. The greatest biology of all time? There’s only one answer. Any other vote invalidates the voter as unqualified. It’s Darwin.He doesn’t tell you just what he thinks about Darwin. He tells you what you have to think to be considered “qualified” to have an opinion. Voting for Pasteur, for instance, would not only invalidate your vote; it would disqualify you as a voter. Continuing on with the Dobzhansky mantra (12/19/2008), Siegfried added, “No scientist’s birthday warrants more hullabaloo and hoopla.” On the inside back cover, Siegfried took quotes from Darwin about religion and converted them into an interview. He asked Darwin questions about atheism, religion, design and God, and picked out quotes guaranteed to make natural theology and intelligent design look bad. If Darwin is being voted world’s greatest biologist, why would his theological opinions matter?National Geographic: Another cover story for the Darwin Bicentennial, from National Geographic Magazine (Feb. 2009), teased with the line, “What Darwin Didn’t Know.” Inside, two lengthy articles discussed Darwin’s original ideas and those of the “Modern Darwins” who have extended them. If Darwin didn’t know something, it wasn’t his fault – the sciences of genetics and molecular biology hadn’t been invented yet. Any errors he made were due to his being imprisoned in the 19th century. Quasi-religious adulations continued inside with Matt Ridley’s article, “Modern Darwins” Ridley portrayed today’s Darwinists as precocious children who would make their daddy proud. Darwin’s core idea of mindless, purposeless, unguided natural selection was presented as unquestionable fact:In 1953, Francis Crick, together with a young American named James Watson, would make a discovery that has led inexorably to the triumphant vindication of almost everything Darwin deduced about evolution. To understand the story of evolution—both its narrative and its mechanism—modern Darwins don’t have to guess. They consult genetic scripture.Darwin’s greatest idea was that natural selection is largely responsible for the variety of traits one sees among related species. Now, in the beak of the finch and the fur of the mouse, we can actually see the hand of natural selection at work….Darwin, who assumed that evolution plodded along at a glacially slow rate, observable only in the fossil record, would be equally delighted by another discovery. In those same Galapagos finches, modern Darwins can watch evolution occur in real time.What better evidence for Darwin’s belief in the commonality of all species than to find the same gene doing the same job in birds and fish, continents apart?In The Origin of Species, Darwin tactfully left unspoken how his theory would extend that commonality to include humankind. A decade later he confronted the matter head-on in The Descent of Man. He would be delighted to know that a certain gene, called FOXP2, is critical for the normal development of both speech in people and song in birds.His notion of sexual selection was politely ignored by most Victorian opinion, which was mildly scandalized by the thought of females actively choosing a mate, rather than submitting coyly to the advances of males…. But we now know Darwin was right all along.In one of his flights of fancy, Darwin argued that sexual selection might account for human racial differences…. The jury is still out on that particular idea, but there are hints that Darwin might be at least partly right…. Either way, the explanation leads straight back to Darwin’s two theories—natural and sexual selection.Just as Darwin drew lessons from both fossil armadillos and living rheas and finches, his scientific descendants combine insights from genes with insights from fossils to understand the history of life.Could such a man ever make a mistake? Yes; Ridley said Darwin did not understand inheritance. Mendel’s work had never reached his attention. “The monk’s fate was to die years before the significance of his discovery was appreciated,” Ridley lamented. “But his legacy, like Darwin’s, has never been more alive.” Darwin scores even when in error. The magazine’s celebration began with David Quammen retelling the Darwin adventure tale on the Beagle, followed by a timeline of events and theories by Darwin and the Modern Darwins. Quammen corrected some misconceptions about the “mythic account” of Darwin’s voyage, and the timing of his conversion to evolutionism. But in the end, he praised his book to high heaven: “Almost inarguably, it’s the most significant single scientific book ever published. After 150 years, people still venerate it, people still deplore it, and The Origin of Species continues to exert an extraordinary influence—though, unfortunately, not many people actually read it.”Sacred Cause: A new book by Adrian Desmond and James Moore, Darwin’s Sacred Cause, elevates Darwin further by claiming he was an abolitionist like his birthday-mate Abraham Lincoln. The BBC News says that abolition was a driving force behind Darwin’s theory. This idea might seem surprising to readers aware that Darwin announced in The Descent of Man that it was inevitable the fitter races would eventually exterminate the weaker races. After all, wasn’t the subtitle of Darwin’s Origin “The Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life”? An English gentleman, Darwin was clearly repulsed by the cruelty toward slaves he witnessed. His belief in the common ancestry of all races of mankind stood against the racist views of those who attributed human races to separate origins. In that respect, Darwin’s unification of humanity is like the Biblical view that all men are descendents of Adam, except that Darwin has mankind arising from apes, and the Bible has mankind falling from grace. Desmond and Moore seem to omit, though, whether “survival of the fittest” could promote racial equality. Common ancestry aside, the Haeckels, Brocas and Hitlers to follow certainly ranked the human races by fitness and intelligence – using Darwin’s “law of nature” for support.It should be understood that these adulations sit on top of daily, weekly, yearly expressions of praise and admiration for Charles Darwin in the scientific journals and popular press. Often these expressions are stated in opposition to religious views or scientific arguments for design. A question few of the modern Darwins seem to be asking, though, is how could a scientist possibly design a theory that removes design from the conceptual realm? (See quote at top right of page.)Is it possible for the world to go crazy? If you don’t think so, look at history. Look at what some ancient civilizations thought about the world, the universe, and life. Despite great achievements in architecture and technology, they held beliefs that strike us as absurd – yet in their day, those beliefs were intuitively obvious. Sometimes they were enforced by the state with severe punishment, even the ultimate punishment. Darwin today serves as a kind of prophet of Marduk who brings enlightenment and explains the world. You’re not entitled to have opinions about him. Failure to honor the Marduk of the age, or his prophet, is not only insane, it is a capital crime. One method for detecting absurdity is to find self-refuting arguments. These can never be overturned by more evidence, because they are self-refuting – they are false by definition. Evolutionary theory is full of them. (1) Darwin built a law of nature on chance, which is the contradiction to law. (2) Darwin reasoned that the mind is an evolved artifact of blind accident, undermining the very basis of reason. And (3) Darwin rendered design an illusion, using his intelligence to design this claim this about his own brain. In these and other ways, Darwin tricked the world into thinking he had come up with a stunningly elegant unification of biology in alleged “natural” terms, when those very ideas refute themselves. How could this happen? One reason is that tautologies are always intuitively obvious. To say, “Life evolved because natural selection brought them into existence,” sounds perfectly fine, till you realize the sentence conveys no information. It begs the question it is supposed to answer. Darwin’s adventure tales, his admittedly detailed observations, his Mosaic visage, and his gift of eloquent rhetoric were all dandy things, but they cannot rescue his doctrines from collapse. They are self-refuting. Hullabaloo and hoopla can be fun. Fantasyland has good fireworks, too. But no amount of celebration can save a self-refuting belief system. Can self-refuting doctrines really fool a world of scientists and smart people? It happens. Absurdities have fooled the elite of many a civilization. We’re only human. We don’t know everything. We’re gullible. For certainty, we need a revelation from the One who knows all things. Having an anchor in eternal, immutable things is a prerequisite for consistency. You cannot build a progressive system from the ground up without assuming the very thing you need to prove: that there are absolutes against which one can measure progress. Even if one could pull oneself up by one’s own bootstraps, the effort would be vain without ground to stand on. Darwinism is anchored in the quicksand of contingency. Its aspiration to provide understanding, the opposite of contingency, is doomed. Lacking an absolute, the hullabaloo and hoopla around Darwin is full of sound and fury, signifying nothing.(Visited 10 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 The celebrations in honor of Charles Robert Darwin for his 200th birthday (Feb. 12) and the 150th anniversary of the publication of his influential book On the Origin of Species by Natural Selection (Nov. 29th) are well underway. It is hard to think of any other scientist who gets the kind of gushy adulation heaped on this one man. It borders on religious euphoria. Some examples:
Related Posts Tags:#digital music#music#MySpace#social networks nick statt Guide to Performing Bulk Email Verification A Comprehensive Guide to a Content Audit Myspace may have picked a bad day to open up its redesigned site to the public. While the dethroned social networking giant quietly opened its gates Tuesday morning, everybody in the tech world was busy preparing, and then dissecting, Facebook’s announcement of Graph Search.But let’s not bury Myspace just yet. Called the New Myspace, the redesign, which entered beta last July, is not aimed at yanking anyone away from Facebook or Google+. Its goal, under the wing of pop singer/actor/Sean Parker-playing co-owner Justin Timberlake, is to do what Myspace did best in the waning days of the site’s mid-2000s popularity: give musicians, both professional and aspiring, a better way to interact with fans and help fans discover new music.In some ways, though that means Myspace is now competing with music streaming services like Pandora and Spotify, and that’s not going to be easy, even with Timberlake’s music industry clout.Fresh Look, But No Groundbreaking AdvancesAnyone who was interested last September got a look at the new Myspace when Timberlake tweeted a vimeo link to a preview of the redesign. Not much has changed since then.To recap, the site jettisoned the vertical flow used by most other social networks, opting instead for a horizontal stream that naturally lays out status updates, shared songs and photos. All interactions also hinge on Myspace’s version of Facebook’s “Like” and Google’s “+1,” called Connect. Symbolized by a Venn diagram that unites when you decide to subscribe to a musician or find a friend, the Connect option is logical and looks nice, but it’s nothing you haven’t seen before.The true innovation – in the minds of Timberlake and Specific Media, who co-purchased the site from News Corp. in 2011 for $35 million – is the black bar running across the bottom of the site.While it resembles the ‘Now Playing’ bar at the top of iTunes and other streaming sites, Myspace’s implementation is meant to make playing and sharing music a central aspect of the experience. It puts the Home button, your Profile link and your Notification Center right alongside it, with Discover and Search options as well. Discover is the key to exploring Myspace, letting you see what’s trending and listen to custom radio stations and mixes.Myspace’s music discovery service comes together in the interactions between the artist profiles and your own. Essentially, users connect to an artist, get updates from that artist, and can stream shared tracks – or even whole albums – while interacting with other fans, amateur musicians, DJs, producers, etc. To help facilitate this music-based interaction, new Myspace subscribers are asked to put themselves into one of a handful of categories, ranging from musician or venue to fan or promoter.Early experimentation yields some interesting results. For instance, pulling up the Search tab next to the Discover button lets you type in the name of a band, and yields a list of streamable and sharable tracks, band info. Presumably as time goes on, the service will add actual updates from bands that agree to hop back on the Myspace bandwagon.That’s the key, of course. The New Myspace looks and works fine. But the revived social network’s biggest, and most likely insurmountable, obstacle is that it’s a ghost town right now, and it will probably stay that way.What Good Is Myspace In A Facebook/Spotify World?The problem is that it’s simply too late for Myspace to capture any ground from its competitors.Spotify, with its ever-increasing library of available music, Facebook-anchored sharing and playlist making, and tiered accounts for mobile and offline use is not going to lose users to Myspace, despite Justin Timberlake’s enthusiasm.And that brings up another issue. Timberlake’s face plastered on Myspace’s homepage has been getting a lot of flak, and for good reason. Debuting his new single, “Suit & Tie,” on the homepage of the social network he co-owns may be good marketing, but could also be seen as a cheap, self-promotional move.Myspace may have once been the king of social networking, but those days are gone forever. If Timberlake is able to convince fellow musicians to partner with the site, it’s likely to hang around for at least a while, but that’s about it. The Dos and Don’ts of Brand Awareness Videos Facebook is Becoming Less Personal and More Pro…
Gujarat’s Anti Terrorist Squad (ATS) has arrested two persons, Waseem and Naeem Ramodiya, claiming they are associated with the Islamic State (IS) group and were on a mission to carry out “serial blasts to target some religious place in the State.”While Waseem was arrested from Rajkot, his brother was arrested from Bhavnagar.According to ATS Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP) K.K. Patel, the two were under the squad’s watch for more than a year. He claimed that they were in contact with IS operatives overseas through social media platforms like Twitter, Facebook and Telegram, an encrypted messaging app.Sensitive material seizedThe police also recovered “bomb-making material” such as gun powder, jihadi literature, masks and several mobile phones from them.“They were prepared with all material to make bombs and planned to carry out blasts at religious places in the next few days,” Mr. Patel said, adding the prompt action by the police averted a major putative terror attack in the State.According to the family details of the duo, they are sons of Rajkot based Arif Ramodia, a domestic cricket umpire, who recently retired from the Saurashtra University.First such arrest in GujaratThe police have registered a case and investigation is on. “We are investigating how they established links with the IS and who helped them in the process,” another senior official of the ATS said. This is likely to be Gujarat’s first such arrest of people suspected to be linked with the international terror outfit, which has often vowed to expand its fight to India but has so far not met with any success.However, there have been a few stray arrests made by the authorities at several places in the country, including a five-men module in Hyderabad that planned to attack a local police station.
Watford boss Gracia: Big Ben key to Bournemouth pointby Paul Vegas10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveWatford boss Javi Gracia praised goalkeeper Ben Foster after their 3-3 draw with Bournemouth.Gracia believes his side should have won the game at the Vitality Stadium, but that ultimately their defending of set pieces cost them dearly.He said: “After scoring two goals I knew we needed to defend well because I was sure Bournemouth would create chances because they always do.“In that moment we conceded two goals from 2 free kicks and it was difficult to accept.“In the second half we tried to have more control, but first of all we have to defend the free kicks better because we conceded two goals from it.“We had the chance to kill the game with more control. We didn’t do it.”Watford came under heavy pressure in the second half and were saved a number of times by Foster, who received great praise from his head coach.Gracia said: “I think Ben Foster was very important in the second half for us.“I call him Big Ben. When I arrived in England, I thought it was in London but now I know it’s in Watford. He’s playing very well and is very important.” About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say
ANN ARBOR, MI – NOVEMBER 30: Quarterback Braxton Miller #5 of the Ohio State Buckeyes celebrates on the field with quarterback Kenny Guiton #13 and quarterback Cardale Jones #12 after defeating the Michigan Wolverines 42-41 in a game at Michigan Stadium on November 30, 2013 in Ann Arbor, Michigan. (Photo by Gregory Shamus/Getty Images)Update: Big Ten Network released video of Miller’s brief speech. As he takes the microphone, Ohio State fans loudly chanted “one more year.” Clearly, they want all three quarterbacks back for next season.Earlier: By now, everyone knows about the remarkable dilemma that Ohio State faces at the quarterback position entering 2015. While rumors have been swirling about possible transfer destinations for senior Braxton Miller for months now, he has said that he plans to return to Columbus. That doesn’t seem all that likely considering he would have to beat out J.T. Barrett and now Cardale Jones for the starting job, but during today’s national championship celebration at Ohio Stadium, he definitely made it seem like he’s all-in on OSU.Braxton Miller: “Privilege and honor to be part of this team. Guess what, we’ve got another year to do it. So go Bucks.”— Tim May (@TIM_MAYsports) January 24, 2015The other two quarterbacks spoke up about the magical 2014 season as well.RT WEWS “RT KosichJohn: The 3 Ohio State QBs Braxton,Cardale & JT pic.twitter.com/3oqHBIf7SJ” #CLE— bobarcher (@bobarcher1) January 24, 2015J.T. Barrett: “This is what we talked about doing. Glad ya’ll were part of it.”— Tim May (@TIM_MAYsports) January 24, 2015Meyer refers to Cardale Jones as “the final part of the magnificent three.”— Tim May (@TIM_MAYsports) January 24, 2015Cardale Jones: “I dedicated this season and the last couple of games to these 2 guys on my left and my right.” Miller and Barrett.— Tim May (@TIM_MAYsports) January 24, 2015We still can’t imagine that all three quarterbacks stick around, but it will be very hard to make the decision to leave Ohio State, especially after the celebrations on campus that they’re all experiencing.
CALGARY — More than 20,000 people chowed down on pancakes last weekend during a family breakfast on the Calgary Stampede grounds.That’s an awful lot of disposable forks, knives and plates — not to mention cups for water and coffee. But a single garbage bag weighing about 13 kilograms was all that went to the landfill, said Xaviere Schneider, the Stampede’s environmental co-ordinator.“Honestly, I do a fair bit of dumpster diving during Stampede,” she said.“It’s all about trying to maintain our diversion rate and making sure that people are composting and recycling as much as possible and just making sure we’re not producing too big of a footprint from an event this big.”The Stampede is a 10-day celebration of western culture that infuses Calgary with a party atmosphere. More than a million people head to the Stampede grounds every year to take in shows, rides, midway games, sugar- and grease-filled concessions and rodeo events.Big free breakfasts on the grounds, put on by the volunteer-run Caravan Committee, use compostable utensils, plates and cups made of a corn-based material that breaks down easily, Schneider said.Juice box straws and wrappers are the only major items served at those events that go in the trash.“Everything else either goes into the compost or recycling.”The Stampede’s efforts come amid a broader push to reduce the amount of single-use plastics polluting the environment. The federal Liberal government has signalled it plans to ban their use as early as 2021, though specifics still need to be worked out. Products targeted could include straws, water bottles, plastic bags, cutlery, stir sticks and fast food containers.Through her team’s trash bin-scouting, Schneider said she has found some midway food vendors are still serving up their fare with plastic and Styrofoam, though many use brown cardboard like the kind used in compostable egg-cartons.“Styrofoam is definitely becoming less common … and I think eventually, I guess you could say, it would become outlawed,” Schneider said.In July 2018, the Stampede sent 306.4 tonnes of waste to the landfill. There were 111.4 tonnes of mixed recycling, 38.2 tonnes of recycled wood, 127.8 tonnes of refundable containers and 109.2 tonnes of compost.But by far the biggest category was “bedding waste” — also known as horse poop — at a staggering 3,432 tonnes. That goes to a tree farm south of Calgary to be used as a fertilizer.“We produce a ridiculous amount during Stampede,” Schneider said.Lauren Krugel, The Canadian Press
APTN National NewsA coalition of First Nations, environmental groups and sports angles have won a long and contentious battle with a recycling firm that wanted to build a toxic waste facility.APTN’s Tina House has this story.
NEW YORK, N.Y. – On Monday, AT&T squares off against the federal government in a trial that could shape how you get — and how much you pay for — streaming TV and movies.AT&T says it needs to gobble up Time Warner if it’s to have a chance against the likes of Amazon, Netflix and Google in the rapidly evolving world of video entertainment.The Justice Department’s antitrust lawyers say that if AT&T and Time Warner are allowed to combine, consumers will end up paying more to watch their favourite shows, whether on a TV screen, smartphone or tablet.“On one hand, the government is saying this is the Old World and AT&T Time Warner is saying this is the New World,” said Larry Downes, senior industry and innovation fellow at Georgetown University. “They’re arguing completely different views of how the content industries look right now, let alone in the future.”In October 2016, AT&T offered to buy Time Warner for $86 billion. Dallas-based AT&T Inc. provides wireless, broadband and DirecTV satellite services via phone and TV. New York-headquartered Time Warner owns the HBO, TNT, TBS and CNN networks and sports programing including Major League Baseball’s playoffs and the NCAA’s March Madness basketball tournament.The government sued to block the deal this past November.___AT&T’S CASEAlmost 60 per cent of Americans still get TV primarily from traditional cable services, according to a Pew Research Center report. But that is starkly divided by age. About 61 per cent of people aged 18 to 29 primarily use streaming services — compared with 10 per cent of people aged 50 to 64.AT&T says the merger is necessary to compete as more people use streaming services like Netflix, Amazon and others. It denies the government’s assertion that the merger will limit choice and lead to higher prices for consumers.“Blocking the transaction would deny consumers these benefits and shield large, vertically integrated firms such as Comcast/NBCU, Netflix, Google, Amazon, and Facebook from new competition on their own turf,” the company wrote in its pre-trial brief.___THE GOVERNMENT’S CASEThe government brushes off the argument that the proposed purchase is about offering consumers more choice. Instead, it says, the deal will lead to less competition and innovation while bringing higher prices for consumers, as AT&T could withhold Time Warner programming from other distributors or offer it more cheaply only on its own network.The Justice Department is similarly dismissive of the notion that the mega-merger could promote competition to big internet players such as Google and Netflix, noting that most people still watch TV via traditional cable boxes.___THE OUTCOME“The real fundamental thing this trial will decide is how much room does the media industry have to use scale to combat the internet giants that are eating their lunch right now,” said B. Riley FBR analyst Barton Crockett.If the judge blocks the deal, a chill over media deal-making is likely. Big internet players like Amazon or Google could decide to keep building up their own content offerings rather than growing them by acquisitions.But if the court lets the deal go through, it could easily spur a wave of similar deals as other distributors — think major cable, satellite and phone companies — bulk up with entertainment purchases in order to compete against rivals born on the internet.A middle-ground compromise is also possible if AT&T loses this round. The company could agree to sell off some businesses or comply with other restrictions in order to win approval for the merger.
New Delhi: The Delhi High Court on Monday stayed an order of the Central Information Commission which held that Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs) fall within the definition of ‘information’ under the RTI Act.Justice V K Rao sought response of the CIC and an applicant, who had sought access to an EVM maintained by the Election Commission (EC) under the Right to Information Act, on a plea filed by the poll panel. EC has filed petition challenging CIC’s February 12 order holding that the EVM, which is available with the EC in a material form and also as samples, is an information under the RTI Act. Also Read – Uddhav bats for ‘Sena CM’Senior advocate Sandeep Sethi and advocate Sidhant Kumar, representing the EC, said that EVM does not fall under the scope of the RTI Act which is primarily concerned with documentary records and representative models. “The EVMs maintained by the petitioner (EC) are utilised in the conduct of elections all over the country in accordance with law. Further, the petitioner also maintains a small number of EVMs for the purposes of training of election officials and use in awareness programmes under the strict supervision of the petitioner. It is further submitted that the petitioner does not maintain any EVM in sample or model form,” the poll panel said in its plea filed before the high court. Also Read – Farooq demands unconditional release of all detainees in J&KIt said all EVMs are securely stored in accordance with the manual on EVMs issued by the EC and the Representation of People Act. The CIC’s order had come on a plea by Rajasthan resident Razaak K Haidar who had said that as per Section 2(f) and 2(i) of the RTI Act, the definition of ‘information’ and ‘record’ also includes ‘any model or any sample’ held by a public authority. He had initially filed an application with the Central Public Information Officer designated by ECI seeking access to an EVM maintained by the poll panel. It was rejected, after which Haidar filed an appeal before the Appellate Authority which also reiterated that the request is beyond the scope of RTI Act. Thereafter, he approached the CIC with the same plea. Section 2(f) of the RTI Act defines ‘Information’ as any material in any form, including records, documents… material held in any electronic form and information relating to any private body which can be accessed by a authority.